Peploe's early landscape painting was always small in scale, painted directly in front of his subject on small wooden panels, as in this painting. He first visited the island of Barra, in the Outer Hebrides, in 1894, returning there in 1902 and 1903, the year in which this work was made. It is a quiet, free painting which shows The Church of Our Lady Star of the Sea on the slopes above Castlebay. The painting was made spontaneously without preparatory sketches. Peploe has applied thickly-loaded brush strokes directly to the surface of the wood. Smearing colours on top of each other without waiting for the paint to dry has resulted in large areas of creamy impasto.