The Solemnisation of the Marriage of James III and Maria Clementina Sobieska
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The Solemnisation of the Marriage of James III and Maria Clementina Sobieska About 1735

On Display PORTRAIT GALLERY

  • Scottish Art
The Polish princess Maria Clementina Sobieska was chosen to be the bride of Prince James Francis Edward Stuart, the 'Old Pretender', who lived in gloomy exile in Rome. Jacobites everywhere rejoiced at the birth of their son, Charles, in 1720, but Clementina had a fierce temper and soon she and her much older husband were quarrelling constantly. Within months of the birth of their second child, Henry, she left James and took refuge in a convent.

Glossary Open

Jacobite

Jacobitism was a movement to restore the descendants of the Stuart King James VII and II to the British throne. The first claimant, Prince James Francis Edward (known as 'the Old Pretender') was exiled first in France, then Italy, from where he planned unsuccessful attempts to claim the throne. His son Prince Charles Edward (known as 'Bonnie Prince Charlie' or 'the Young Pretender') famously invaded Britain in 1745, but after some military successes was finally defeated at Culloden in 1746.

Jacobite

Details

  • Acc. No. PG 2415
  • Medium Oil on canvas
  • Size 243.50 x 342.00 cm
  • Credit Purchased 1977 with assistance from the Art Fund, the Pilgrim Trust and private donors