Horatio McCulloch, 1805 - 1867. Landscape painter

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Horatio McCulloch, 1805 - 1867. Landscape painter 1828
  • Scottish Art
Scottish landscape painter Horatio McCulloch is most famous for his dramatic depictions of Highland scenery. Born in Glasgow, he studied art along side the artist of this early portrait, Daniel Macnee, under the influential landscapist, John Knox. McCulloch and Macnee then left Glasgow and briefly worked as snuff-box decorators before moving to Edinburgh. Having adopted a similarly classical style to Knox and Alexander Nasmyth, McCulloch exhibited with the Royal Scottish Academy from 1829 and was elected an associate in 1834. Under the influence of the landscapist John Thomson of Duddingston McCulloch’s later, and most popular, paintings became more spontaneous and fluid. Works such as ‘Glencoe’ (1864) helped shape the Victorian perception of the Highlands as a wild, romantic place.

Glossary Open

Royal Scottish Academy

The Royal Scottish Academy (RSA) was formed in Edinburgh in 1826 by Scottish artists who felt alienated by what they perceived as the elitism of the Royal Institution and its management of contemporary art exhibitions. In 1835, the RSA secured exhibition rights in the Royal Institution building, which had been erected on The Mound by the Board of Manufactures in 1826. The RSA and the Board frequently argued over responsibilities for advanced art education. From 1859, the RSA shared the premises of the new National Gallery of Scotland under the Board’s custody. In 1910, after transferring most of its art collections to the Gallery, the RSA gained exclusive tenancy of the former Royal Institution building, where it continues to hold large-scale annual exhibitions.

Royal Scottish Academy


  • Acc. No. PG 356
  • Medium Chalk on paper
  • Size 40.60 x 33.00 cm
  • Credit Given by T. Richardson and Co. 1889