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  • Richard Cooper, the Elder
Prince Charles Edward Stuart, 1720 - 1788. Eldest son of Prince James Francis Edward Stuart ('Wanted Poster')
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Prince Charles Edward Stuart, 1720 - 1788. Eldest son of Prince James Francis Edward Stuart ('Wanted Poster') 1745

On Display PORTRAIT GALLERY

  • Scottish Art
  • Portrait of the Month
The mythical persona surrounding Bonnie Prince Charlie was undeniably influenced by the depictions of him as a ‘Highland Laddie’. Having lived in exile, Charles landed in Scotland in 1745 with the aim of reinstating the Stuart monarchy. His self conscious attempt to associate himself with the Highlands was effective in gaining alliances and tartan quickly became part of his armour. The earliest portraits of the Prince in tartan however, were by those who opposed the Jacobite cause. This coloured print by Cooper satirises the Young Pretender’s Highland guise and advertises an award for his arrest. As he appears comical in his elaborate dress with a manifesto falling to the ground, it was almost certainly rendered before Charles captured Edinburgh later that year.

Glossary Open

1745 Rising

An attempt by followers of Prince Charles Edward Stuart (or 'Bonnie Prince Charlie') to reclaim the British throne for the Stuart dynasty. The Prince landed in the Outer Hebrides from France in July 1745. With the support of many Highland chiefs he gathered an army and marched south. The rebels had significant victories against the Hanoverian troops and reached as far as Derby. There they turned back, unsure of their ability to take London, and were pursued by government forces. The final battle was held at Culloden in 1746 where Bonnie Prince Charlie was decisively beaten and hopes of a Jacobite restoration were dashed.

Etching

A form of printmaking in which a metal plate is covered with a substance called a 'ground', usually wax, into which an image is drawn with a needle. Acid is applied, eroding the areas of the plate exposed but not the areas covered by wax. The action of the acid creates lines in the metal plate that hold the ink from which a print is made when the plate is pressed against paper under pressure.

Jacobite

Jacobitism was a movement to restore the descendants of the Stuart King James VII and II to the British throne. The first claimant, Prince James Francis Edward (known as 'the Old Pretender') was exiled first in France, then Italy, from where he planned unsuccessful attempts to claim the throne. His son Prince Charles Edward (known as 'Bonnie Prince Charlie' or 'the Young Pretender') famously invaded Britain in 1745, but after some military successes was finally defeated at Culloden in 1746.

1745 Rising, Etching, Jacobite

Details

  • Acc. No. SP IV 123.49
  • Medium Hand-coloured etching on paper
  • Size 13.00 x 7.50 in.; 33.00 x 19.10 cm
  • Credit Provenance unknown