The extraordinary Allen brothers, Charles and John, claimed (falsely) to be the grandsons of Prince Charles Edward Stuart. By 1822 they plunged themselves into traditional Highland life. By the 1830s `Charles Edward Stuart? and `John Sobieski Stolberg Stuart? were presiding over a make-believe royal court on an island in the Beauly River, Inverness-shire. When this photograph was taken they were at the centre of a heated controversy about both the origins of Highland dress and their own ancestry. In 1842 they published what purported to be a sixteenth-century manuscript, the `Vestiarium Scoticum?. A related volume, `The Costume of the Clans?, appeared two years later. These works, a curious mixture of real scholarship and fantasy, asserted an ancient pedigree for clan tartans.