Landscape with ruin1850
Although conditions in the cities could be grim, life in the Scottish countryside during the Highland Clearances was little better. From the 1760s onwards, thousands of farmers and their families were evicted from their crofts so that landowners could use the land more profitably for sheep farming. In addition, the potato famine of 1846 left many people with no option but to emigrate to the colonies or head south to work in the factories in lowland Scotland. By the 1860s the Clearances were effectively over, and only very few farmers remained. These farmers organised themselves under new leadership - something which had been difficult after the break-down of the clan system - and after a long struggle they succeeded in improving their rights.
- Glossary (2 terms)
The first effective version of photography, using drawing or writing paper for both the negative and the positive. The paper was sensitised with potassium iodide and silver nitrate, exposed and developed in gallic acid and silver nitrate.
The arrangement of different elements in a work of art.
- Credits Sir Alan Muir Wood Collection, presented 1985
- Medium Salt paper print from a calotype negative
- Size 24.00 x 19.50 cm