Changing Lives

Robert Owen, 1771 - 1858. Pioneer socialistRobert Owen, 1771 - 1858. Pioneer socialist Design for the Dean Orphanage, EdinburghDesign for the Dean Orphanage, Edinburgh Rev. Thomas Chalmers, 1780 - 1847. Preacher and social reformerRev. Thomas Chalmers, 1780 - 1847. Preacher and social reformer Landscape with ruinLandscape with ruin Close No. 101 High Street, GlasgowClose No. 101 High Street, Glasgow Three Studies for the Decoration of the first Mortuary Chapel, the Royal Hospital for Sick Children, EdinburghThree Studies for the Decoration of the first Mortuary Chapel, the Royal Hospital for Sick Children, Edinburgh Pitch and TossPitch and Toss Children and Chalked Wall 3Children and Chalked Wall 3 Sir Basil Urwin Spence, 1907 - 1976. ArchitectSir Basil Urwin Spence, 1907 - 1976. Architect TenderTender

Thomas Duncan

Rev. Thomas Chalmers, 1780 - 1847. Preacher and social reformer
1840

By the early nineteenth-century, the old system of parish poor relief could no longer cope with the population growth and bitter poverty in the cities. A large social underclass emerged with little or no ties to the conventional church networks. When rural preacher Thomas Chalmers arrived in Glasgow in 1815 he was shocked. He designed a social experiment in St John’s parish, which aimed to recreate the community spirit of a rural parish community within a large industrial city. Chalmers made charity a neighbourly responsibility and encouraged the poor to become independent by working hard. Despite achieving some success, many remained poor. Not long after, the new Scottish Poor Law of 1845 introduced a system whereby local taxes could be raised to fund poor relief.

  • Credits Presented by Mrs Gilbert Hole 1940
  • Medium Oil on canvas
  • Size 128.00 x 102.00 cm (framed: 165.60 x 139.00 x 12.50 cm)