Robert Owen, 1771 - 1858. Pioneer socialist1800
The Industrial Revolution brought dramatic changes to the way people earned money and made goods. Technological advances, such as the steam engine and mechanical spinning techniques, led to the establishment of factories, mines and cotton spinning mills throughout Britain. One of these mills was New Lanark, built on the River Clyde in Lanarkshire. Its owner, Robert Owen, became famous for his philanthropic approach to industrial working. He improved the living standards of his 2,500 workers, including some 500 children, by providing them with adequate housing, access to education and better working conditions. Contrary to the ideas of the time, Owen proved that it was possible to treat workers well and run a profitable business at the same time.
- Glossary (3 terms)
A painting or drawing, usually a portrait, on a very small scale. These were popular prior to the invention of photographic portraits in the 19th century.
An independent institution founded in 1768 with Sir Joshua Reynolds as its first president. It is governed by the Royal Academicians - leading painters, sculptors, printmakers and architects, which number no more than 80 at one time. It organises exhibitions at its London galleries, including an annual Summer Exhibition.
A paint with colouring and binding agents diluted with water. It has a transparent quality and is usually applied to paper.
- Credits Presented by Mrs James Watt 1953
- Medium Watercolour on paper
- Size 28.10 x 21.30 cm