Changing Lives

Robert Owen, 1771 - 1858. Pioneer socialistRobert Owen, 1771 - 1858. Pioneer socialist Design for the Dean Orphanage, EdinburghDesign for the Dean Orphanage, Edinburgh Rev. Thomas Chalmers, 1780 - 1847. Preacher and social reformerRev. Thomas Chalmers, 1780 - 1847. Preacher and social reformer Landscape with ruinLandscape with ruin Close No. 101 High Street, GlasgowClose No. 101 High Street, Glasgow Three Studies for the Decoration of the first Mortuary Chapel, the Royal Hospital for Sick Children, EdinburghThree Studies for the Decoration of the first Mortuary Chapel, the Royal Hospital for Sick Children, Edinburgh Pitch and TossPitch and Toss Children and Chalked Wall 3Children and Chalked Wall 3 Sir Basil Urwin Spence, 1907 - 1976. ArchitectSir Basil Urwin Spence, 1907 - 1976. Architect TenderTender

Social reform from the Poor Law to the post-war Welfare State...

Industrialisation in Britain in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries created a wealthier society, but its development was bought with high social costs. Although some people benefited, many of the workers lived in poor housing and had no access to education or health care. They worked long hours and often performed unhealthy or dangerous work in the mills and factories. Meanwhile, the countryside was plagued by failed harvests and land reorganisation by landowners, creating widespread poverty. Clearly changes needed to be made. This eTour will look at how individuals, organisations and governments have tried to improve conditions for the poorest in society.

The National Galleries of Scotland recently held two major exhibitions on the work of artists featured in this eTour - see the Joan Eardley and Basil Spence exhibition sections for more information.

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Children and Chalked Wall 3 by Joan Eardley, 1962