Charles I, 1600 - 1649. Reigned 1625 - 16491610
A Broken Engagement
It is known that Titian’s two great paintings first reached King Philip in Toledo in the autumn of 1560, and from there they were dispatched to Madrid. They are first recorded in an inventory of 1623 as hanging in the Alcazar, but later that year they were packed as a proposed wedding gift to King Charles I of England. Charles was a Catholic sympathiser who was engaged to the Spanish Infanta Maria Anna. Paintings commonly exchanged hands as diplomatic gifts, but the engagement was called-off and Charles married Henrietta Maria of France in 1625. Diana and her nymphs remained in Madrid.
This portrait was painted when Charles I was still a child and before the death in 1612 of his older brother and heir to the throne, Prince Henry. He is dressed in vibrant red embroidered with real silver and wears shoes decorated with fantastic rosettes, a fashion item which Peake seems to have particularly enjoyed painting. Charles became a strong-minded king whose policies on taxation and religion made him very unpopular. Civil wars dominated the last ten years of his reign. Despite these troubles, Charles was a generous patron of the arts and famous painters like Rubens and Van Dyck worked for him.
- Glossary (1 term)
The support given to artists by an individual or organisation, usually through buying or funding their work.
- Glossary (2 terms)
A painting or drawing, usually a portrait, on a very small scale. These were popular prior to the invention of photographic portraits in the 19th century.
A 16th and 17th century British royal appointment, responsible for the decoration of royal palaces, ships, carriages and festivals. Its recipients included James Thornhill and William Hogarth.
- Credits Bequeathed by the 13th Baron Elibank 1973
- Medium Oil on canvas
- Size 127.00 x 85.70 cm (framed: 142.20 x 110.00 x 9.50 cm)