Glasgow and Clyde Valley

Perhaps more than any other city in Scotland, Glasgow has gone through a number of transformations over the centuries. Ideally situated for trade across the Atlantic, the city's merchants took advantage of the trading routes that became available to them following the Act of Union in 1707. Glasgow prospered as the industrial revolution took off, aided by the improvements to steam technology by Greenock born James Watt. By the nineteenth century the famous Clyde shipyards were in full swing, assisted by the plentiful supply of iron ore and coal form Lanarkshire. The Clyde shipyards were hit heavily by air raids during the Second World War, and as the century progressed the industry went into further decline. One of the city's most famous sons, Billy Connolly, worked in the shipyards. Glasgow experienced something of a cultural renaissance in the 1980s and 1990s, and is now a top destination for tourists. A number of notable Scots are 'Glaswegians' including Robbie Coltrane, Liz Lochhead, Robert Carlyle, Alex Fergusson and Peter Capaldi.