American Bill Viola is one of the world's leading video artists. Since the early 1970s he has used video to explore universal human experiences such as birth, death and the unfolding of consciousness. He is influenced by both Western and Eastern artistic and spiritual traditions including Zen Buddhism and Christian mysticism. As technology has advanced, his installations have become more streamlined in appearance and are now uncluttered by projection equipment, video players etc. His work is notable for its precision and simplicity and for its fusion of painting, photography and cinema.