The Royal Review of the Scottish Volunteer regiments in Holyrood Park was the defining social event in Edinburgh in 1860. Among the participating regiments was the Artists’ Company whose members included John Pettie, William McTaggart and the expatriate English landscape painter Samuel Bough. Three other leading Scottish painters, D.O. Hill, Noel Paton and W.B. Johnstone, Keeper of the new Scottish National Gallery, advised the civic authorities on the design of the ceremonial decorations. Bough’s ambitious picture was one of several commemorative paintings undertaken as a commercial venture by opportunistic local artists. In the foreground, below St Anthony’s Chapel, artillerymen are firing a salute to greet Queen Victoria and her cortège who are about to inspect the regiments.