"The Summer Dancers"
© The Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / DACS, London 2009

Reference URL

"The Summer Dancers" 1955
  • Artist Rooms
Throughout his career Warhol created numerous artist books. However, he also designed book covers for other authors. This work is for the novel ‘The Summer Dancers’ by Clyde Miller. Throughout the 1950s cupids, fairies and angels were a recurring motif in Warhol’s work. The style is also typical of the time, with his blotted-line technique combined with vibrant colours. The calligraphy was almost certainly completed by Warhol’s mother, Julia, who moved to New York in 1952 and lived with her son until 1971. Whilst there she regularly assisted with his illustrations, adding colour and calligraphy, and even signing his name.

Glossary Open

Blotted-Line Technique

Andy Warhol first experimented with this form of print-making whilst a student and it would later characterise his commercial work of the 1950s. With two sheets of paper hinged together, a pencil drawing is made on one sheet which is subsequently traced over with ink. Whilst the ink is still wet the sheets of paper are pressed together, thus transferring the line. The result is a broken, yet apparently intuitive, line drawing.


Decorative handwriting


A distinctive element in a work of art or design.

Blotted-Line Technique, Calligraphy, Motif


  • Acc. No. AR00263
  • Medium Ink and dye on paper
  • Size 23.00 x 15.40 cm (framed: 32.00 x 22.90 cm)
  • Credit ARTIST ROOMS National Galleries of Scotland and Tate. Acquired jointly through The d'Offay Donation with assistance from the National Heritage Memorial Fund and the Art Fund 2008