Clementina Walkinshaw, c 1720 - 1802. Mistress of Prince Charles Edward Stuart
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Clementina Walkinshaw, c 1720 - 1802. Mistress of Prince Charles Edward Stuart Around 1740 - 1745

On Display PORTRAIT GALLERY

  • Scottish Art
Clementina was named after Clementina Sobieska, the Polish wife of Prince James Francis Edward Stuart. She became the mistress of Prince Charles Edward Stuart (the eldest son of Prince James and Clementina Sobieska) in Scotland during the 1745 Rising, and was reunited with him in Ghent in 1752. However, she was mistrusted by many Jacobite supporters, who suspected her of being a spy for the Hanoverian government. Charles’s father also disapproved of her, feeling that his son should marry and produce legitimate heirs. The relationship endured for a few years, but Clementina was eventually unable to tolerate Charles’s temper and beatings. In 1760 she fled to a convent, taking their only daughter, Charlotte, with her.

Glossary Open

1745 Rising

An attempt by followers of Prince Charles Edward Stuart (or 'Bonnie Prince Charlie') to reclaim the British throne for the Stuart dynasty. The Prince landed in the Outer Hebrides from France in July 1745. With the support of many Highland chiefs he gathered an army and marched south. The rebels had significant victories against the Hanoverian troops and reached as far as Derby. There they turned back, unsure of their ability to take London, and were pursued by government forces. The final battle was held at Culloden in 1746 where Bonnie Prince Charlie was decisively beaten and hopes of a Jacobite restoration were dashed.

Jacobite

Jacobitism was a movement to restore the descendants of the Stuart King James VII and II to the British throne. The first claimant, Prince James Francis Edward (known as 'the Old Pretender') was exiled first in France, then Italy, from where he planned unsuccessful attempts to claim the throne. His son Prince Charles Edward (known as 'Bonnie Prince Charlie' or 'the Young Pretender') famously invaded Britain in 1745, but after some military successes was finally defeated at Culloden in 1746.

1745 Rising, Jacobite

Details

  • Acc. No. PG 1102
  • Medium Oil on canvas
  • Size 76.20 x 62.50 cm (framed: 97.30 x 84.80 x 9.00 cm)
  • Credit Purchased 1928