This drawing reproduces part of an antique relief known as the Nike Balustrade, which is now in the Uffizi in Florence. It shows the relief prior to its restoration by the eighteenth-century-sculptor, Bartolomeo Cavaceppi. This copy was commissioned by the celebrated seventeenth-century collector and antiquarian Cassiano dal Pozzo for his 'Paper Museum', a highly ambitious project to record and classify in drawings all branches of human knowledge and culture, with particular emphasis on classical antiquity and natural history. This drawing is one of a large group of copies after ancient sculpture from the Paper Museum, and formed part of an album formerly owned by William Stirling Maxwell (1818-1878). Maxwell was a pioneering Scottish art collector and writer on Spanish Art.