In May 1937 nearly 4000 children arrived by boat in Southampton, refugees from the civil war-ravaged towns of northern Spain. The children’s arrival proved controversial as the British government, keen to remain neutral in the conflict, was initially reluctant to allow the refugees entry. However, the horror unleashed by the German Luftwaffe in the bombing of Guernica forced the government’s hand, although it refused financial assistance. Instead, the camp was supported by voluntary provision, including extensive efforts from local associations and schools. Prominent public figures vocal in their support for the refugees included the Duchess of Atholl, who is seen here visiting the temporary refugee camp in North Stoneham.