The Pharisees tried to trick Christ into denouncing Rome by asking him if it was ethical to pay tribute (tax) to Caesar. On seeing their coin bearing Caesar’s head and realising their wicked plan Christ replied, ‘Render therefore to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s; and to God the things that are God’s’. Here Christ’s hand is thrust heavenwards, directing the scheming men towards the righteous path. The close grouping of figures and lack of idealisation are typical of Serodine’s work. This painting, commissioned in 1625 by Asdrubale Mattei, has a pendant depicting Saints Peter and Paul (Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Antica, Rome).