David Melville, 3rd Earl of Leven, 1660 - 1728. Statesman and soldier
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David Melville, 3rd Earl of Leven, 1660 - 1728. Statesman and soldier 1691
  • Scottish Art
Leven began his career as a soldier on the continent, raising a regiment of Scottish refugees in Germany and Holland. A supporter of William of Orange, he crossed to Britain with his regiment in 1688 and the following year took part in the campaign against James VII and II's friend, Viscount Dundee. A contemporary described him as 'a man of good parts and sound judgement' although 'master of no kind of learning'. During the 1708 Rising, he treated his Jacobite prisoners at Edinburgh Castle with great civility. The artist, Medina, was brought to Scotland by Leven's father, the 1st Earl of Melville.

Glossary Open

Glorious Revolution

The overthrow of the Catholic king, James II, by the Protestant William of Orange in 1688. A Bill of Rights, limiting the powers of the monarch, and the Act of Settlement, banning Catholics from the British throne, followed. It is also known as the Bloodless Revolution.

Jacobite

Jacobitism was a movement to restore the descendants of the Stuart King James VII and II to the British throne. The first claimant, Prince James Francis Edward (known as 'the Old Pretender') was exiled first in France, then Italy, from where he planned unsuccessful attempts to claim the throne. His son Prince Charles Edward (known as 'Bonnie Prince Charlie' or 'the Young Pretender') famously invaded Britain in 1745, but after some military successes was finally defeated at Culloden in 1746.

Glorious Revolution, Jacobite

Details

  • Acc. No. PG 1528
  • Medium Oil on canvas
  • Size 127.00 x 101.70 cm (framed: 146.00 x 121.00 x 8.00 cm)
  • Credit Purchased 1949