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  • Jean-Baptiste Lemoyne
Prince Charles Edward Stuart, 1720 - 1788.
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Prince Charles Edward Stuart, 1720 - 1788. About 1747

On Display PORTRAIT GALLERY

  • Scottish Art
“He has a handsome face and good eyes; I think his busts, which about this time were commonly sold in London, are more like him than any of his pictures.” This was the verdict of Dr William King, an English Jacobite who entertained Charles for tea during his secret visit to London in 1750. Dr King’s servant recognised the incognito prince, having seen “the busts which are sold on Red Lion Street”. The bust, originally modelled in clay by the leading French sculptor Lemoyne, was commissioned by Charles who paid for numerous plaster casts to be taken from it. The most naturalistic of all the portraits of the prince, it uses none of the signs or symbols of royalty and is his only sculpted image.

Glossary Open

Bust

Sculpted portrait consisting of the head and the top of the shoulders.

Commission

When an individual or organisation employs an artist to execute a particular project, the process and the resulting work are termed a ‘commission’.

The Stuarts (The Stewarts)

The Stewarts / Stuarts were a Scottish royal dynasty that began with Robert II in the late fourteenth century. In 1603, with the Union of the Crowns of Scotland and England, James VI became James I of England. The Stuart reign saw a brief interruption with the republican Commonwealth due to the English Civil War, which followed Charles I’s execution in 1649, but it was restored in 1660 with Charles II as king. After the 1707 Acts of Union, the Stuarts became the heads of state of the newly created Great Britain. However, with childless Queen Anne’s death in 1714 the crown passed to the House of Hanover. The variant in spelling, from Stewart to Stuart, was due to Mary, Queen of Scots adopting the latter, French spelling, when she lived in France. This became the standard for future generations.

Bust, Commission, The Stuarts (The Stewarts)

Details

  • Acc. No. PG 594
  • Medium Plaster
  • Size Height: 48.30 cm
  • Credit Purchased 1900