Born at Dalhousie Castle, Lord Dalhousie became, in 1847, the youngest Governor-General of India. He was also one of the most successful. He held this office until 1856. During his term of office, large territories were conquered and annexed, he was responsible for the vast expansion of the Indian road, railway, canal irrigation and telegraph services. He was strongly opposed to the slave trade and suttee (the practice of a Hindu’s widow cremating herself on her husband’s funeral pyre). His policies caused resentment and were, in part, responsible for the Indian Mutiny of 1857. This oil sketch by Watson Gordon's oil sketch served as a model for three full-length portraits of the sitter.