In 1823 Rubens’s celebrated picture ‘Le Chapeau de Paille’ (National Gallery, London) was exhibited in London where Geddes probably made the pastel study in the Scottish National Gallery’s collection (D NG 1073 A/B). Geddes seems to have been fascinated by the blonde colouring and unusual up-lighting on the woman’s face in Rubens’s picture. This sitter is believed to be Miss Charlotte Nasmyth (1804-1884). In 1826 it was exhibited at the British Institution and was his personal tribute to Rubens. Both the Rubens’s ‘Le Chapeau de Paille’ and Geddes’s ‘Summer’ were exhibited in Edinburgh in 1828 by the Royal Institution, which immediately purchased the Geddes’s painting for its permanent collection.