Five turbanned children (four boys and a girl) in oriental dress are seated in a shady bower, planted with exotic palms and flowers resembling foxgloves or lupins. The gem-like paint surface and small scale of the work reflect Diaz’s training as a china painter. There is no evidence that Diaz ever travelled to Turkey or the Middle East but, like his contemporaries Decamps and Delacroix, he responded to the nineteenth-century fascination with the exotic. The painting probably dates from the mid to late 1840s, when Diaz brightened his palette and produced a number of ‘Oriental’ subjects, but he spent the majority of his time thereafter at Barbizon working in the Foerst of Fontainebleau. He produced several pictures depicting bazaars and harems, as well as groups of children in oriental costume.