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  • Gaspard Duchange
Louis XV, 1710 - 1774. King of France
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Louis XV, 1710 - 1774. King of France
Louis XV was king of France from 1715 to 1774. He was nicknamed ‘the Well-Beloved’, but his failures contributed to the crisis that caused the French Revolution. Born in Versailles he succeeded to the throne at the age of five. He ruled during the Seven Years War (1756-63) when France lost of most of her colonies to Britain. The extravagances of Louis’s court, the huge expense of decades of warfare and the defeat of attempts to reform left the monarchy and government weakened by the end of his reign. He was succeeded by his son, Louis XVI, who was executed by guillotine in 1793 during the French Revolution.

Glossary Open

Engraving

The printmaking technique in which an image is inscribed on a copper plate with a tool that cuts a groove in the surface. This groove holds the ink that creates the print when it is applied to paper. Also refers to the method of making an incision on a material such as glass.

French Revolution

A series of events that took place in 1791 leading to the end of the 'ancien régime', a complex political and social structure ruled over by an absolute monarch. Prompted by economic crisis and widespread food shortages, the Revolution resulted in the abolition of feudal rights and privileges, the reorganisation of the church, and a constitution that limited the powers of the monarch. These reforms provide the basis for the modern French state.

Seven Years War

Between 1756 and 1763, a general European war was waged primarily over the control of valuable colonies, from which Britain emerged as the dominant imperial power. Battles ranges from Europe to North America and it could be considered the first ever 'World War'.

Engraving, French Revolution , Seven Years War

Details

  • Acc. No. FP IV 52.3
  • Medium Line engraving on paper
  • Size 29.54 x 20.96 cm
  • Credit Bequeathed by William Findlay Watson 1886