The youngest daughter of Henry IV of France, Henrietta Maria married Charles I in 1625. During the Civil War she was devoted to her husband’s cause and sold much of her jewellery and silver to fund his campaign. In 1644 she moved to France and was soon joined by members of the Royal court fleeing the war in England. Five years later her husband was executed after being convicted of treason. Henriette Maria (as she was known after moving to France) spent the rest of her life in mourning clothes and sought to promote her son, Charles, as king, which eventually happened in 1660 following the Restoration. This print of Henriette Maria is based on a portrait by Sir Anthony van Dyck painted in 1632. It was extremely popular and a number of copies were made and circulated throughout the country.