Die Hölle (Hell): Die Letzten (The Last Ones)
© DACS 2004

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Die Hölle (Hell): Die Letzten (The Last Ones) 1919
Beckmann based this print on press photographs of the Revolution. The revolutionaries are making a last stand against the government. The viewer's eye is drawn across the scene to the top left-hand side, towards an unseen enemy. The man seen in profile at the centre of the scene wielding a machine-gun appears to be Beckmann himself. If that is the case, it may be that the artist is supporting the cause of the revolutionaries; however, despite their noble cause, damage is still incurred, and injured and dying men lie on the ground.

Glossary Open

November Revolution, 1918 (Germany)

A series of events in Germany at the end of First World War that led to the abdication of the Kaiser and the establishment of a republic. It was a relatively bloodless revolution, motivated in part by a desire for peace.


An image pressed or stamped onto paper or fabric. This encompasses a wide variety of techniques, usually produced in multiples, although one-off prints, known as monoprints, are also included. The term is also applied to photographic images.

November Revolution, 1918 (Germany), Print


  • Acc. No. GMA 2465 J
  • Medium Lithograph
  • Size 87.00 x 61.00 cm
  • Credit Purchased 1981