Lord Charles Gordon, 1721 - 1780
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Lord Charles Gordon, 1721 - 1780 1738

On Display PORTRAIT GALLERY

  • Scottish Art
Lord Charles Gordon was the son of the Jacobite, Alexander 2nd Duke of Gordon. Lord Charles fought on the government side, serving in Lord Loudon’s 54th Regiment during the 1745 Rising. In March 1746 he took part in the capture of the French ship, Le Prince Charles Stuart, in the Kyle of Tongue. This vessel, with its cargo of over £13,000, had been sent by Louis XV to assist the Jacobites. Its loss, three weeks before the battle of Culloden, was a disaster for them. Lord Charles’s younger brother, Lord Lewis, was a Jacobite officer.

Glossary Open

1745 Rising

An attempt by followers of Prince Charles Edward Stuart (or 'Bonnie Prince Charlie') to reclaim the British throne for the Stuart dynasty. The Prince landed in the Outer Hebrides from France in July 1745. With the support of many Highland chiefs he gathered an army and marched south. The rebels had significant victories against the Hanoverian troops and reached as far as Derby. There they turned back, unsure of their ability to take London, and were pursued by government forces. The final battle was held at Culloden in 1746 where Bonnie Prince Charlie was decisively beaten and hopes of a Jacobite restoration were dashed.

Battle of Culloden

A battle fought on Culloden Moor near Inverness in 1746 between supporters of the exiled House of Stuart - led by the Young Pretender, Prince Charles Edward Stuart - and government troops led by the Duke of Cumberland. The government victory effectively brought the 1745 Jacobite Rebellion to an end and resulted in a repression of Highland culture as punishment.

Hanoverian

A British royal dynasty that began in 1714 with George I, who was the first Protestant in line to the throne, the Act of Settlement having prohibited Catholics from taking the crown. The Hanoverians reigned until the death of William IV in 1837.

Jacobite

Jacobitism was a movement to restore the descendants of the Stuart King James VII and II to the British throne. The first claimant, Prince James Francis Edward (known as 'the Old Pretender') was exiled first in France, then Italy, from where he planned unsuccessful attempts to claim the throne. His son Prince Charles Edward (known as 'Bonnie Prince Charlie' or 'the Young Pretender') famously invaded Britain in 1745, but after some military successes was finally defeated at Culloden in 1746.

1745 Rising, Battle of Culloden, Hanoverian, Jacobite

Details

  • Acc. No. PG 3324
  • Medium Oil on canvas
  • Size 76.20 x 63.50 cm
  • Credit Purchased 2002